How to Grow Date Palm Trees

Date Palm Tree, scientific name Phoenix Dactylifera, is one of the most recognizable palm trees in the world mostly because of its majestic appearance and tasty fruits. It is also called Medjool palm.

This large beautiful palm is one of the oldest trees in the world being in cultivation for over 5000 years. Native to North Africa this palm was one of the first plants to be cultivated by people. Because of its durability and cold hardiness it is grown in many states including California, Arizona, Nevada, Texas and Florida. It is frequently used in different landscape designs as a single specimen or in a group planting.

The date palm can tolerate a variety of conditions including drought, poor soil, desert climate, light freeze, high salt water and high winds. It thrives in full sun and moist well drained soil. It can easily tolerate drought when established and mature enough because of its long roots that reach deep down looking for water.

It is slow growing and can get up to 90ft tall with a spread up to 30 ft wide. Heavy dark green canopy of pinnate, or feathery-shaped, fronds sits on top of the brown-gray trunk that is covered with old leaf bases.

It can be single or multi-trunked. If it develops multiple trunks, buy tropical plants in NY you will need to separate them in order to have a single one.

At the end of spring, it produces white and cream flowers that grow in clusters on 4 ft (1.2 m) long inflorescence among the leaves. Flowers emerge out of golden-brown pods, with each pod containing anywhere from 5,000 to 10,000 flowers. Male and female flowers grow on different plants, the pollination occurs by wind. In cultivation to ensure the development of fruit, farmers collect the male pods, dry them and than pollinate female flowers.

Date fruit is oval, 1-3 inches long, with a single seed inside that is surrounded by sweet sugary flesh. They are green at first but turn yellow-orange when ripe. The Medjool dates are the most expensive. Dates are very tasty and nutritional containing a lot of vitamins and minerals. They can be eaten raw or cooked.

For thousands of years, dates have been used to treat different medical conditions. It is known to help with treating anemia, constipation, diarrhea and diseases of gentio-urinary system.

Phoenix Dactylifera can be used for many purposes like food, medicine, shelter, fuel, and building materials. The amazing thing is that every part of this palm can be used for something.

You can propagate this palm from seeds or by offsets. Seeds takes only 2-3 months to germinate.

Phoenix Dactylifera is susceptible to leaf spot, black scorch, lethal yellowing disease, root rot and fruit rot diseases. To prevent different diseases always use clean tools. In case of a diseases, use appropriate fungicides.


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